Legal basis for Civic Education

Part X of the County Government Act (2012) provides for civic education as outlined below.


98. Principles of civic education

(1) The principles of civic education are intended to promote—

(a) empowerment and enlightenment of citizens and government;

(b) continual and systemic engagement of citizens and government; and

(c) values and principles of devolution in the Constitution.

(2) No other content may be disseminated under civic education other than as provided for under section 100.

99. Purpose and objectives of civic education

(1) The purpose of civic education under this Act is to have an informed citizenry that actively participates in governance affairs of the society on the basis of enhanced knowledge, understanding and ownership of the Constitution.

(2) The objectives of civic education are—

(a) sustained citizens’ engagement in the implementation of the Constitution;

(b) improved understanding, appreciation and engagement in the operationalization of the county system of government;

(c) institutionalizing a culture of constitutionalism;

(d) knowledge of Kenya’s transformed political system, context and implications;

(e) enhanced knowledge and understanding of electoral system and procedures;

(f) enhanced awareness and mainstreaming of the Bill of Rights and National values;

(g) heightened demand by citizens for service delivery by institutions of governance at the county level;

(h) ownership and knowledge on the principal economic, social and political issues facing county administrations and their form, structures and procedures; and

(i) appreciation for the diversity of Kenya’s communities as building blocks for national cohesion and integration.

100. Design and implementation of civic education

(1) Subject to subsection (2), each county shall implement an appropriate civic education programme and establish a civic education unit in this regard.

(2) For purposes of subsection (1), there shall be established a national design and framework of civic education, to determine the contents of the curriculum for civic education taking into account the provisions of Article 33 of the Constitution.

(3) The national and county governments shall facilitate the implementation of civic education programme under subsection (2).

(4) The design and implementation of county civic education programmes under this section shall involve the participation of registered non-state actors as may by regulations be prescribed.

101. Institutional framework for civic education

Subject to section 100, County legislation shall provide the requisite institutional framework for purposes of facilitating and implementing civic education programmes under this Part.

Last Update: November 16, 2021  

November 16, 2021 97 admin  Civic Education
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